Catalog No. Size 价格库存数量
S0178-2 2mg solid ¥100
S0178-10 10mg solid ¥300


N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP; N-Formyl-MLF) is a chemotactic peptide and a specific ligand of N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR). N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Ph is reported to inhibit TNF-alpha secretion.

Product information

CAS Number: 59880-97-6

Molecular Weight: 437.55

Formula: C21H31N3O5S




Chemical Name: (2S)-2-[(2S)-2-[(2S)-2-formamido-4-(methylsulfanyl)butanamido]-4-methylpentanamido]-3-phenylpropanoic acid

Smiles: CC(C)C[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CCSC)NC=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC1C=CC=CC=1)C(O)=O


InChi: InChI=1S/C21H31N3O5S/c1-14(2)11-17(23-19(26)16(22-13-25)9-10-30-3)20(27)24-18(21(28)29)12-15-7-5-4-6-8-15/h4-8,13-14,16-18H,9-12H2,1-3H3,(H,22,25)(H,23,26)(H,24,27)(H,28,29)/t16-,17-,18-/m0/s1

Technical Data

Appearance: Solid Power

Purity: ≥98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 82.5 mg/mL (188.55 mM)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical or refer to Certificate of Analysis

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and -20 oC for 1 year or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Shelf Life: ≥360 days if stored properly.

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 oC for 1 month or refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Drug Formulation: To be determined

HS Tariff Code: 382200

How to use

In Vitro:

Binding of N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe to its specific cell surface receptor, N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR), triggers different cascades of biochemical events, eventually leading to cellular activation. FPR is a chemoattractant receptor belonging to the G protein-coupled receptor family. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe promotes osteoblastic commitment and suppresses adipogenic commitment under osteoblastic differentiation conditions. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe stimulates osteogenesis is associated with increased expression of osteogenic markers and mineralization. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe inhibits expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ1. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-stimulated osteogenic differentiation is mediated via FPR1-phospholipase C/phospholipase D-Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent kinase II-ERK-CREB signaling pathways. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe, a bacterial-derived peptide, induced proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in human peripheral blood monocytes. Bacterial products LPS and N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe synergistically induce inflammatory response via multiple signaling pathways. TLR4, IKKβ-IκBα, and NF-κB signaling pathways are involved in the synergistic induction of TNF-α via p65 nuclear translocation-dependent mechanisms.

In Vivo:

N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe promotes bone formation in zebrafish and rabbits. Extensive skeletal development is evident at 5 dpf in over 80% of N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-treated zebrafish. Treatment with N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe results in increased expression of Runx2. Bone marrow spaces are widely formed, and connective tissue covering bone is dense, like periosteum, in N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-treated calvaria. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe mediate release of calprotectin from PMN in vitro. It induces release of calprotectin from PMN in a dose dependent manner. A minimum of 10% of total PMN calprotectin is retained at concentrations of 0.1-10.0 nM of N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe.


  1. Shin MK, et al. N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) promotes osteoblast differentiation via the N-formyl peptide receptor 1-mediated signaling pathway in human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow. J Biol Chem. 2011 May 13;286(19):17133-43.
  2. Chen LY, et al. Synergistic induction of inflammation by bacterial products lipopolysaccharide and fMLP: an important microbial pathogenic mechanism. J Immunol. 2009 Feb 15;182(4):2518-24.
  3. Hetland G, et al. Chemotaxins C5a and fMLP induce release of calprotectin (leucocyte L1 protein) from polymorphonuclear cells in vitro. Mol Pathol. 1998 Jun;51(3):143-8.

Products are for research use only. Not for human use.


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